way2philippines.in http://www.way2philippines.in Indian Medical Students' Way 2 Philippines Sat, 24 Sep 2016 07:08:32 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.3.11 Amazing facts about Philippines http://www.way2philippines.in/2015/04/amazing-facts-about-philippines/ http://www.way2philippines.in/2015/04/amazing-facts-about-philippines/#comments Sat, 11 Apr 2015 11:39:31 +0000 http://www.way2philippines.in/?p=679 The Philippines is the world’s leading producer of coconuts, having produced5 million tons of the fruit in 2010. According to the 2008 census, 52 million people in the Philippines speak English, making it the 3rd largest English-speaking nation .  Of the top 10 largest shopping malls in the world, three are found in the Philippines: SM […]

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  • The Philippines is the world’s leading producer of coconuts, having produced5 million tons of the fruit in 2010.
  • According to the 2008 census, 52 million people in the Philippines speak English, making it the 3rd largest English-speaking nation .
  •  Of the top 10 largest shopping malls in the world, three are found in the Philippines: SM MegamallSM North Edsa, and SM Mall of Asia.
  • The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River in Palawan is 2 kilometers long. Until the discovery of a 10-kilometer underground river in Mexico, the Puerto Princesa River was the longest subterranean waterway in the world.
  • Flickr globalcitizen01

    Flickr: globalcitizen01

    1. Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines in 1521, marking the start of the archipelago’s colonization under Spanish rule, a 377-year period that lasted until 1898.
    2. The islands were dubbed “the Philippines” after King Philip II of Spain.
    3. As a result of the Spanish influence, the country is predominantly Christian with 90% of the populationpracticing some mode of Christianity, the vast majority being Roman Catholic.
    4. The world’s largest Christmas lantern was illuminated in San Fernando, Pampanga on Dec. 24, 2002. The structure was 26.8 meters in diameter and cost five million Philippine pesos.

    Nicole Abalde

    Nicole Abalde / Via Flickr: nicoleabalde

    1. Pope John Paul II offered a mass to about five million Filipinos on Jan. 18, 1995, at Luneta Park in Manila. The event went into the Guinness Book of World Records as the Biggest Papal Crowd at the time.
    2. In 2009, about 1.39 billion SMS messageswere being sent in the Philippines daily. The country was one of the earliest adopters of text messaging, earning the moniker “text capital of the world” from the mid ’90s to the early 2000s.
    3. The English word ‘boondocks’ is actually a Filipino loanword: the Tagalog word for ‘mountain’ is ‘bundok.’
    4. The word entered the North American vernacular in the 1940s, just as the Philippines became involved in the Second World War.

    Shutterstock

    Shutterstock

    1. Taal Volcano in Talisay, Batangas, is one of the world’s 17 Decade Volcanoes— volcanoes that need to be looked after given their active state and explosive history. It’s also located in a lake, and has a lake inside it, with an even smaller islandin it!
    2. The amount of sulfur dioxide expelled by Mount Pinatubo during its eruption on Jun. 15, 1991, created a two-year haze of sulfuric acid all over the world. It caused global temperatures to drop by 0.5 °C (0.9 °F).
    3. A Filipino named Roberto del Rosario made the karaoke machine in 1975, but a Japanese musician invented it four years earlier. Del Rosario, however, was the first to patent the product, which makes him the first patented producer of the karaoke.
    4. In the province of Camiguin, there are more volcanos (seven) than towns (five). There hasn’t been an eruption since the mid 1950s, but the island has the most number of volcanoes per square kilometerin the world.

    Allan Donque

    Allan Donque / Via Flickr: allandonque

    1. The positioning of the Philippine flag’s colors indicate a message. If it is flown with the red stripe on top, the nation is in a state of war. Otherwise, during peacetime, the blue is on top.
    2. The modern yo-yo takes its namefrom a word in the Philippine language Ilocano, yóyo.
    3. The University of San Carlos in Cebu City was founded by Spanish Jesuitsin 1595, making it the oldest school in the Philippines.
    4. Then in 1611, the University of Santo Tomas (or, lovingly, “Usté”) was founded in Manilaby the Dominican Order. It is the world’s largest Catholic university in terms of population. Both it and University of San Carlos are older than Harvard, which was not founded until 1636.

    Ojie Paloma

    Ojie Paloma / Via Flickr: huno

    1. The cone of the sea snail Conus gloriamarisis a highly valued collector’s item, the first examples of which were found in the Philippinesand sold at auction for upwards of $5,000.
    2. In 2002, the world’s biggest pair of shoes were made in Marikina City. The wingtips clock in at about 5.3 meters in length, 2.4 meters in width, and almost 2 meters in height. They cost two million Philippine pesos.
    3. Manila, the capital city of the country, takes its name from a white flowerthat grew on mangrove trees, locally known as nilad. ‘May nilad’ can be translated to mean ‘there are niladthere.’
    4. The rice terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The terraces were built about 2,000 years ago and — thanks to the rough terrain keeping settlers out — remain as they would have been in pre-colonial times.

    Thinkstock

    Thinkstock

    1. The Philippines has won at least eight major international beauty pageant titles: twofor Miss Universe; fivefor Miss International; and at least one for Miss World, the current titleholder being Megan Young.
    2. About 25 years before the first book was printed in the United States, the Tagala, the first Filipino-Spanish dictionary, was printed in 1613.
    3. After the Second World War, the Philippine jeepney was bornout of the G.I. Jeeps American soldiers brought to the country in the 1940s. It’s Pinoy upcycling!

    Flickr whltravel

    Flickr: whltravel

    1. The Philippines’ approximately 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 sq mi.) of land area are spread over 7,107 islands.
    2. This gives the country 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi.) of coastline and puts the Philippines at fifth place for the longest discontinuous coastline in the world.
    3. Depending on the method of classification, there are 125 to 170 languages in usein the Philippines, such as Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicolano, Waray, and Kapampangan.
    4. The Philippines welcomed its 100-millionth citizen on July 27, 2014, making the country the seventh most populated country in Asia and the 12th in the world.

     

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    8 Amazing Facts From Philippine History You Never Learned in School http://www.way2philippines.in/2015/02/8-amazing-facts-from-philippine-history-you-never-learned-in-school/ http://www.way2philippines.in/2015/02/8-amazing-facts-from-philippine-history-you-never-learned-in-school/#comments Wed, 11 Feb 2015 12:06:37 +0000 http://www.way2philippines.in/?p=698 There were three other martyr priests aside from “Gomburza.” Gomburza (left) and the other three martyr priests from Bicol (right). Source: “Kasaysayan: The Story of the Filipino People” and Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO). Mention the words “martyr priests” and most Filipinos will remember “Gomburza,” the three Filipino priests who were executed […]

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  • There were three other martyr priests aside from “Gomburza.”
  • 8 facts

    Gomburza (left) and the other three martyr priests from Bicol (right). Source: “Kasaysayan: The Story of the Filipino People” and Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO).

    Mention the words “martyr priests” and most Filipinos will remember “Gomburza,” the three Filipino priests who were executed for their  alleged involvement in the 1872 Cavite Mutiny.

    But several years after their deaths, another three martyr priests would again shed their blood in Bagumbayan. Their names are much more obscure though, mainly because they were part of a group of Bicolano martyrs collectively known as Los Quince Martires.

    After the discovery of Katipunan in September, 1896, the Spanish government immediately ordered mass arrests of those who were connected to the secret organization. The wrath of Spaniards eventually reached Bicol and arrests were made between September and October in 1896.

    A total of 15 men were arrested, tortured, and sentenced to death. Out of these 15, three were secular priests from Nueva Caceres (now Naga City), namely: Fr. Severino Diaz, Fr. Inocencio Herrera, and Fr. Gabriel Prieto.

    Fr. Severino Diaz y Lanuza was the first secular priest to head the Cathedral of Nueva Caceres. Fr. Innocencio Herrera, on the other hand, was actually a native of Pateros in Rizal. He moved to Bicol and later became a secular priest and choir master at the Cathedral under Diaz. Both priests were arrested on September 19, 1896 and suffered grave torture thereafter.

    The third priest, Fr. Gabriel Prieto y Antonio, was implicated when his brother, Tomas, was forced to give up names under severe torture. He was arrested at the parish house in Malinao, Albay on September 22, 1896 under the orders of then Albay Civil Governor Angel Bascaran. Like the other two priests, he also suffered verbal and physical torture after his arrest.

    Bound in ropes and chains, the three priests together with other prisoners were transferred to Manila aboard the steamships Ysarog and Montañes. They were temporarily imprisoned in the convento of San Agustin in Intramuros before being transferred to the Bilibid Prison where they would stay until their execution by firing squad on January 4, 1897.

     

    1. The first American hero of World War II was killed in combat in the Philippines.

    Capt. Colin P. Kelly Jr.

    Capt. Colin P. Kelly Jr. Photo Credit: Aces of World War II.

    A graduate of West Point, 25-year-old Capt. Colin P. Kelly Jr. became the first American hero of World War II when he bombed a Japanese cruiser three days after the attacks in Pearl Harbor.

    On December 10, 1941, Kelly and his crew were ordered to fly out of Clark Air Field and attack targets on Formosa (now Taiwan). He was forced to take off the B-17 with only three 600-pound bombs on board and with the plane partly fueled.

    On the way to Formosa, they saw a huge Japanese landing party with accompanying destroyers. Kelly ordered the attack on the Japanese fleet despite receiving no clear permission from base to engage the enemy.

    The crew dropped the bombs from 20, 000 feet. One bomb directly hit the target while the other two impacted the flank. With no bombs left, Kelly maneuvered the plane to go back to Clark Air Field.

    Unfortunately, the plane was almost back to its home airfield when two enemy planes attacked it. Kelly ordered his crew of six to bail out while he remained in the plane until it exploded.

    After his death, it was discovered that Kelly’s bomber had actually hit a light Japanese cruiser named Ashiraga, not the battleship Haruna as what earlier reports had suggested. For this reason, Gen. Douglas MacArthur lowered the recommendation to the Distinguished Service Cross.

    To honor his heroism, a post office and a highway in his hometown in Florida were named after him.

     

    1. Philippines’ leper colony had their own “Leper Money”.

    Source JSTOR Digital Library

    Source: JSTOR Digital Library

    Leprosy is a communicable bacterial disease characterized by skin lesions and numbness. In 1633, it is said that a Japanese Emperor  sent a ship loaded with lepers to the Spanish missionaries based in the Philippines. He also instructed the ship’s captain to drown the lepers in case no one would receive them.

    Fortunately, the missionaries kindly welcomed the patients with open arms and even established the San Lazaro Hospital to take care of them. At that time, people had very little knowledge about the disease so it didn’t take long before leprosy started to afflict the Filipino populace.

    In 1906, Dr. Heiser, Director of Health for the Philippines, opened a leper colony in Culion, an island located north of Palawan. Lest they might continue spreading the disease, a unique monetary system separate from the rest of the country was established. These leper coins were only allowed within the colony and those who would leave the place had to convert the leper money into “government money.”

    One of the earliest issues of one-peso

    One of the earliest issues of one-peso leper coin. “Culion Leper Colony” was inscribed at the top, and “Philippine Islands” below. Source: Collectors Society

    Leper money was strictly regulated, and those who violated the law would pay a fine, stay in the prison for up to 1 month, or both.

    The first few issues of the leper coins were made from aluminum, but it was later replaced by copper-nickel as those made from aluminum were easily damaged by chemicals used to disinfect the coins.

     

    1. Before martial law, there was the Colgante Bridge Tragedy.

    sep pic

    On September 16, 1972, a few days before the declaration of martial law, the Colgante bridge in Naga City collapsed, killing 114 Roman Catholic pilgrims who were celebrating the feast of their patroness, Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia.

    Most of the victims were either drowned or crushed to death on boats beneath. The tragic incident happened when 1,000 faithfuls rushed to the 15-year-old bailey bridge to watch with excitement the fluvial procession that would bring the image of their patroness from Naga Metropolitan Cathedral to her shrine.

    A number of broadcast journalists covering the event also perished in the tragedy. One of them is Miss Mila Obia who was announcing the approach of the religious image using her local dialect when the bridge suddenly collapsed.

    Incidentally, this was the second time that the bridge claimed many lives during a fluvial procession. In 1948, the old Colgante bridge–which was only a suspension-type back then–fell into the river and left 30 people dead.

     

    1. President Elpidio Quirino helped save the lives of almost 6,000 “White Russians.”

    President Elpidio Quirino

    President Elpidio Quirino (left) and photos showing Russian children (upper right) and a Russian wedding (lower right) in the refugee camp in Tubahao, Eastern Samar. Sources: “Tubabao Island 1948-1951: The last refuge of the Russian Far East emigration” and E.G. Sergoyan’s Blog.

    If President Quezon was the savior of the Holocaust Jews, President Quirino should be the unsung hero of “White Russians.”

    In 1948, China was on the brink of a total invasion by the Communists led by Mao-Tse-Tung. For this reason, Russian emigrants living in Peking, Hankow, Tiensin, and other nearby cities in northern China were forced to evacuate to Shanghai. However, they were aware that the Communist army would eventually take over the rest of China, so they had to move somewhere else or they would end up dying in Russian labor camps.

    This is when the International Refugee Organization (IRO) came to the rescue. They knew the danger that might ensue so they asked help from other countries to provide temporary shelter for the “White Russians.”

    These “White Russians” were named after the color of the tsarist court and the Russian soldiers’ uniforms. If you can recall your world history, the “White Russians” were opposed to the Communist regime (i.e. the “Red Russians”) who went against the Tsar during the 1917 Bolshevic revolution. The conflict resulted to a civil war, forcing the White Russians to transfer to other countries including China.

    Going back to IRO, no country had responded to their plea for fear of China. They were about to lose hope when the Philippines under President Elpidio Quirino agreed to convert the small island of Tubahao in Eastern Samar as a Russian refugee camp. In 1949, about 5, 000 to 6, 000 White Russians finally arrived in the country and settled in Tubahao for about 27 months.

    The Russian Refugee Camp was divided into 14 districts and the White Russians who stayed there had their own hospital, electricity, churches, as well as a cemetery. After more than 2 years in the island, most of the refugees were eventually admitted in other countries like France, Australia, and the United States.

    To honor Quirino’s kind act, a Russian sculptor made a bronze artwork featuring the late Philippine president being blessed by St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco. It was unveiled in 2011 at the lobby of the Philippine Trade Training Center in Pasay City.

     

    1. In 1942, almost 16 million pieces of silver coins were dumped near Corregidor. Some of it remains unrelieved.

    A diver coming up

    A diver coming up after searching the bottom of Caballo Bay for treasure (1945). Photo credit: Carl Mydans, LIFE Magazine.

    After the Fall of Manila in 1942, Filipino and American officials were thinking of ways to keep the Philippine National Treasury out of the enemy’s hands. At that time, the treasury was brimming with 70 million pesos in paper bills, 269 pieces of gold bars, and 16, 422, 000 pesos in silver coins.

    They’re running out of time so they had to move fast. After recording the serial numbers, a total of 20 million in 500-peso bills was burned from January 19 to 20, 1942. When the submarine U.S.S. Trout arrived in Corregidor in February 3, workers loaded it with 2 million dollars in gold bars and $360, 000 in silver which were eventually shipped to San Francisco.

    With no more time left, high court government officials decided to just dump the remaining 15, 792, 000 pesos in silver coins to Caballo Bay, a deep and rough location just off Corregidor.

    For some reason, the Japanese learned about the sunken treasure right after the fall of Corregidor. Soon, they sought the help of Filipino divers–some of whom died due to drowning–to salvage the boxes of silver coins. In the end, they only recovered $54, 000 or 100, 000 pesos.

    But the Japanese wouldn’t settle for less, so they handpicked more experienced divers from a group of American prisoners. From June 20 to September 28, 1942, the American divers were able to retrieve 150, 000 pesos. Of course, it was a very dangerous work and they thought of only one way to retaliate, and that is by outsmarting the Japanese.

    Indeed, they were able to steal 30, 000 to 60, 000 pesos without the Japanese knowing it. Their Filipino friends were able to find Chinese money-changers in Manila to exchange Japanese paper currency for Philippine silver coins. Some of the coins were also passed off to other prisoners of war who would later use the money to bribe Japanese soldiers.

    Eventually, the recovery program was cancelled, much to the joy of American prisoners. In 1945, the U.S. Navy was able to salvage 5, 380, 000 pesos which they turned over to the Philippine government.

    Although 75% of the sunken treasure was already recovered, no one knows exactly how much of it still remains at the bottom or if they can still be retrieved in the first place.

     

    1. A Belgian king almost bought the Philippines from Spain.

    King Leopold II

    King Leopold II of Belgium. Source: belgieroyalist.blogspot.com

    King Leopold II of Belgium was passionate about geography and everything that had something to do with maps. He also loved to travel, and it was during one of his trips when he realized that he could turn Belgium into one of the world’s richest countries.

    To make this possible, he first need a colony. His focus then shifted to Asia, specifically the islands considered to be the gateway to other nearby countries: the Philippines.

    According to historian Ambeth Ocampo, most of the details of King Leopold’s quest to make Philippines a Belgian colony can be found in the 1962 book entitled A La Recherde d’un Etat Independent: Leopold II et les Philippines 1869-1875. 

    In 1866, a year after his accession to the throne, King Leopold II asked his ambassador in Madrid to negotiate with the Queen of Spain about the possibility of ceding the Philippines to Belgium.

    But here’s the catch: It was a common knowledge at that time that Leopold’s government was against his imperialistic plans. They believed that the idea of colonization “entails naval vessels and an army to protect interests halfway across the world,” and Belgium was not yet ready to take that risk.

    As expected, his first attempt failed. And so was the second when he even attempted to get personal loans from English banks, which ended in rejection.

    He also devised a scheme that would first turn the Philippines into a independent country, and later into a colony under the Belgian monarch. Unfortunately, this, too, failed miserably.

    In the end, his dream of having a colony finally came true when he proclaimed his sovereignty over Congo, a country in Africa.

     

    1. A Filipino dwarf became a famous figure in 19th-century Britain.

    Caption Miss Angelina

    Caption: “Miss Angelina Melius the celebrated giantess from the United States. 19 years of age and nearly 7 feet high. Attended by her page Senor Don Santiago de los Santos from the island of Manila.” Source: British Museum.

    Don Santiago de los Santos, a Filipino dwarf, became part of a traveling show in England between the late 1820s and the early 1830s. He was, indeed, a local celebrity in that part of the world.

    So, how did he end up in England?

    Popular journals from the late Georgian and Victorian eras had documented his story, although they might have exaggerated some of the details to sell more copies.

    Anyways, the existing documents suggest that Don Santiago de los Santos was born in 1786 to poor parents. The 1836 edition of the Mirror of Literature, Amusement and Instruction (Volume 28) went on to say that he is

    “….a native of the Spanish settlement of Manila; in one of the forests of which, it seems, he was exposed to death in his infancy, on account of his diminutive size. He, was, however, miraculously saved by the Viceroy, who, happening to be hunting in that quarter, humanely ordered him to be taken care of and nursed with the same tenderness as his own children, with whom the little creature was brought up and educated, until he attained the age of manhood.”

    Sadly, the Viceroy died when he was 20 years old. His foster-brothers and sisters moved to Spain shortly thereafter, while Santiago decided to stay because of his “attachment to the land of his birth.”

    That decision proved to be futile. Neglected by his own family, he “found his way to Madras, and was brought to England by the captain of a trading vessel.”

    The journal also reveals some of Don Santiago’s unique characteristics. He was described as “stoutly built” with “slight copper” complexion. He was also fond of “glittering attire, jewellery, and silver plate.” And just like Jose Rizal, Don Santiago was also multilingual: He could speak his native tongue as well as Indian patois, Portuguese, and English.

    He later married Anne Hopkins, a 29-year-old dwarf from Birmingham who was slightly taller than him (she was thirty-eight inches tall while Don Santiago was only twenty-five inches high). However, they faced a minor hurdle before they were able to tie the knot. According to the 1848 edition of  The London Lancet,

    “..a protestant clergyman hesitated to marry them, on the presumption that it was contrary to the canon law, as being the means of propagating a race of dwarfs; but in this he was overruled by the high bailiff of Birmingham, and some legal opinions.”

    They were finally married on July 6, 1834 at two separate churches in Birmingham (Santiago was a Roman Catholic while his wife was a Protestant).

    Anne Hopkins eventually gave birth to a child, but it was not a happy ending:

    “…the infant, though it came to the world alive, did not survive its birth above an hour. Its length is thirteen inches and a half; its weight is one pound four ounces and a half, (avoirdupois;) it is in every respect well formed; and the likeness of its face to that of the father is very striking.”

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